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Barnes Tenoning Machine

The lever action operates an upper and lower sliding plane to cut both sides at once. Thumb screws adjust the tenon thickness and springs force the planes against the work until the full depth is reached. Stock up to 2"x12" can be used. Two small levers raise the cutters away from the work. A vertical knife at the edge of each plane blade cuts the shoulder neatly. The blades are in good condition, but do need sharpening before use. The rare original work clamping lever is included. This is the first clamping lever I have seen.

The machine is complete and in good working order. Apparently aimed at the small furniture shop, it's blade raising levers and stock clamping lever allow very rapid production of identical tenons. I'm always impressed with the utility of Barnes machines, and this one is no exception. The wood table is original, with the serial number "1469" stamped in the end grain. The glue has failed on the table boards, as is typical on all the maple tables of Barnes scroll saws I have had. The iron frame under the table keeps the boards in place, but they should be reglued.

The lettering on the side frame reads "W.F. & John Barnes, Rockford ILL, USA, Pat'd Oct 6, 1877". This date is incorrect and has, thus, been an elusive Barnes patent for researchers. The patent was granted on Dec 4, 1877, to Stephen Redfield, of Maryville, Missouri and was filed on Oct 6, 1877, the date cast on the Barnes machines.

top view Note the work holding clamp

cutting a tenon in scrap 2x6

the work holder

closeup of the double plane mechanism

lettering on the side frame

side view

Price: sold Buyer must pick up or arrange shipping

Contact: Richard Van Vleck - Email: richard@americanartifacts.com

© 2009, American Artifacts, Taneytown, Maryland.